Geostrategy and cartoscience
Robert Ditz/Mirjanka Lechthaler/Reinhard Mang
The importance of geosciences, and especially of cartoscience, for all kinds of decision-making processes influenced by geospace, is obvious. The object of cartoscience is providing adequate fundamentals for decision-making, and for this reason it is supposed to visualize two-dimensional models of geospace - geomodels -, which so far have been formed from a transintelligible reality by specialist scientists, such as military geographers or geostrategists. Like almost every other science, cartoscience is divided into cartology, which provides the fundamentals, cartonomy, providing rules and norms, and cartography, which applies them. Its basically integrative working method does not allow any permanent outhousing of parts to related scientific or even purely technical fields. The efficiency of cartoscience is established by the synergetic coexistence of its elements. For this reason, even on the highest geostrategic decision-making level only a sound and fundamental understanding of the cooperation of these elements guarantee that the cartoscientific products, which serve as decision-making bases, are assessed, interpreted and applied correctly. Cartoscience can only be a science if it is bound to scientific criteria in all its parts. A geoscience in the sense of this definition, therefore, can serve to demonstrate the improper use of geospatial visualizations, to avoid it, and thus to optimize decisively the quality of decisions.