Reinhard Stradner


Noricum, or Regnum Noricum – named after the tribe of the Norics – was a Celtic kingdom, which, in the course of time, developed close trade relations with the Romans, and finally was integrated as a province into the Imperium Romanum. At that time, Noricum consisted of the East-Alps region south of the Danube, bounded by Pannonia in the east and by Rhaetia in the west. The aim of this essay is to trace the often smiled at question of the whereabouts of the pre-Roman “capital” NOREIA, and to locate it with military scientific methods, without using expensive technical resources. At the same time, military tactical, operational and strategic considerations as well as human logics are to be included for the first time. Naturally, the search for a perished place of settlement required some intuition and experience, because – as has been often witnessed already – hardly any progress had been achieved concerning this problem. Thus, one could assume that one could only look for NOREIA most likely at a place where the centre of ore exploitation and processing had been at that time, and where, after analysing all relevant sources, including cartography, all military tactical components can be applied. It was also attempted, in addition to a military assessment of the situation and a harmonization of the most relevant references, to turn one’s attention to the factor time. As evaluation basics the logical and firmed findings have had some influence on military scientific considerations. The final assessment of the situation ought to be able to put things straight. Afterwards, experts and scientists will have to scrutinize these possibilities and findings which have been assessed in a military scientific way on the basis of logically firmed facts. Maybe an efficient use of ground penetrating radar, magnetic video and geophysical prospection, terrestrial waveform laser scanning, airborne laser scanning, light detection and ranging, and high-resolution infrared satellite archaeology will be a welcome and innovative support for future diggings. Civil-military cooperation on a scientific level would represent another quantum leap in the achievements of the Austrian Armed Forces. Assistance in archaeological diggings would represent a guiding signal especially in the relevant area of active cultural possessions protection, rendering considerable knowledge transfer possible. This military scientific essay also demonstrates that, due to the need for protection and security of a community, the tribal leader or the king of the people was actually obliged by the tribal board to satisfy this need. This security could and still can only be guaranteed with military forces and means.